Physical activity and the risk of malignant breast cancer development in women

Katarzyna Plagens-Rotman, Karolina Chmaj-Wierzchowska, Małgorzata Piskorz-Szymendera, Aleksandra Zielińska, Maciej Wilczak, Beata Pięta


Introduction. The role of physical activity in preventive healthcare constitutes a subject matter of numerous research. In fact, it was proven that physical effort has an impact on lowering the risk of some neoplasms.
Aim. The aim of the paper was to assess the influence of physical activity on the increase or a decrease of odds ratio for developing malignant breast cancer in women.
Material and Methods. The research included healthy women and women diagnosed with malignant breast cancer on the basis of biopsy material or surgical intervention. The research involved 850 women, aged 21–84.
Results. Increased physical effort, both in terms of household duties and physical activity, in patients presented as follows: 1102.61 MET for passive rest at home, 3803.47 MET for household chores, and 1971.54 MET for sports activities. On the other hand, in subjects without malignant lesions in the breasts the study indicated the following results: 1024.05 MET for passive rest, 4150.97 MET for domestic activities and 1651.46 MET for sports activities.
Conclusions. Medium and high physical activity associated with household duties decreases the risk of breast cancer development. In order to lower the risk of developing breast cancer in women, active lifestyle should be promoted in terms of physical effort within medium physical activity, i.e. 600–1500 MET.


breast cancer; physical activity; professional work

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