Physical activity and the risk of malignant breast cancer development in women

Katarzyna Plagens-Rotman, Karolina Chmaj-Wierzchowska, Małgorzata Piskorz-Szymendera, Aleksandra Zielińska, Maciej Wilczak, Beata Pięta

Abstract


Introduction. The role of physical activity in preventive healthcare constitutes a subject matter of numerous research. In fact, it was proven that physical effort has an impact on lowering the risk of some neoplasms.
Aim. The aim of the paper was to assess the influence of physical activity on the increase or a decrease of odds ratio for developing malignant breast cancer in women.
Material and Methods. The research included healthy women and women diagnosed with malignant breast cancer on the basis of biopsy material or surgical intervention. The research involved 850 women, aged 21–84.
Results. Increased physical effort, both in terms of household duties and physical activity, in patients presented as follows: 1102.61 MET for passive rest at home, 3803.47 MET for household chores, and 1971.54 MET for sports activities. On the other hand, in subjects without malignant lesions in the breasts the study indicated the following results: 1024.05 MET for passive rest, 4150.97 MET for domestic activities and 1651.46 MET for sports activities.
Conclusions. Medium and high physical activity associated with household duties decreases the risk of breast cancer development. In order to lower the risk of developing breast cancer in women, active lifestyle should be promoted in terms of physical effort within medium physical activity, i.e. 600–1500 MET.

Keywords


breast cancer; physical activity; professional work

Full Text:

PDF

References


Dorgan JF, Baer DJ, et al. Serum hormones and the alcohol – breast cancer association in postmenopausal women. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2001;93:710–715.

Bergier B, Bergier J, Paprzycki P. Level and determinants of physical activity among school adolescents in Poland. Ann AgricEnviron Med. 2014;21(1):75–78.

Bergier B, Bergier J, Wojtyła A. Various aspects of physical activity among Lithuanian adolescents. Ann AgricEnviron Med. 2012;19(4):775–779.

Owłasiuk A, Chlabicz S, Gryko A et al. Pedometer assessed physical activity of people with metabolic syndrome in Poland. Ann AgricEnviron Med. 2014;21(2):353–358.

Zatoński W. Europejski kodeks walki z rakiem. Centrum Onkologii – Instytut im. Marii Skłodowskiej‑Curie, Warszawa 2011.

Ainsworth BE, Haskell WL, Whitt MC et al. Compedium of physical activities: an update of activity codes and MET intensities. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2000;32:498–504.

Friedenreich CM, Courneya KS, Bryant HE. The lifetime totoal physical activity questionnaire: development and reliability. MedSci Sports Exerc. 1998;30:266–274.

Kruk A, Kładna A. Aktywność sportowa w młodości kobiet po mastektomii na tle grupy kontrolnej. Medycyna Sportowa. 1999;99:29–33.

Pukkala E, Poskiparta M, Apter D et al. Life‑long physical activity and cancer risk among Finnish female teachers. Eur. J. Cancer. Prev. 1993;2:369–371.

Thune K, Brenn T, Lund E et al. Physical activity and the risc of breast cancer. N Engl J Med. 1997;336:1269–1273.

Verloop J, Rookus MA, van der Kooy K, Van Leeuwen FE. Physical activity and breast cancer risc in women aged 20–54 years. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2000;92(2):128–135.

Plagens‑Rotman K, Żak E, Pieta B. Odds ratio analysis in women with endometrial cancer. Menopause Rev. 2016;1:12–19.

Bergier J, Kapka‑Skrzypczak L, Bilinski P, Paprzycki P, Wojtyła A. Physical activity of Polish adolescents and young adults according to IPAQ: a population based study. Ann Agric Environ Med. 2012;19(1):109–115.

Biernat E, Poznańska A, Gajewski AK. Is physical activity of medical personnel a role model for their patients. Ann AgricEnviron Med. 2012;19(4):707–710.

D'Avanzo B, Nanni O, La Vecchia C et al. Physical activity and breast cancer risk. Biomark Prev. 1996;5:155.

Kruk J. Deklarowana aktywność fizyczna a ryzyko raka piersi. Journal of Oncology. 2007;6:677–684.

Borch KB, Lund E, Braaten T, Weiderpass E. Physical activity and the risk of postmenopausal breast cancer – the Norwegian Women and Cancer Study. J Negat Results Biomed. 2014;1(13):3.

Engeland A, Andersen A, Haldorsen T, Tretli S. Smoking habits and risk of cancers other than lung cancer: 28 years' follow – up of 26,000 Norwegian men and women. Cancer Causes Control. 1996;7:497–506.

Dosemeci M, Hayes RB, Vetter R et al. Occupational physical activity, socioeconomic status, and risks of 15 cancer sites in Turkey. Cancer Causes and Control. 1993;4:313.

Kaleta‑Stasiołek D, Szmigielska K, Jegier A. Aktywność ruchowa w profilaktyce wybranych chorób nowotworowych. Polskie Archiwum Medycyny Wewnętrznej. 2003;6(6):661–668.

Moorman PG, Jones LW, Akushevich L, Schildkraut JM. Recreational physical activity and ovarian cancer risk and survival. Ann Epidemiol. 2011;21(3):178–187.

Plinta R, Olszanecka‑Glinianowicz M, Drosdzol‑Cop A et al. State of nutrition and diet habits versus estradiol level and its changes in the pre‑season preparatory period for the league contest match in female handball and basketball players. Ginekol Pol. 2012;83:674–680.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20883/168

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2016 Journal of Medical Science

Copyright 2016 by Journal of Medical Sciences